Introduction to Purchase Invoices in Standard Accounts

The Purchase Invoice register is a record of your company's purchases. Each time you make a purchase, you will receive a Purchase Invoice from the Supplier, which you should enter to the Purchase Invoice register. You will therefore use this register for a number of tasks:
  • The Purchase Invoice is a record of the payment demanded from your company by the Supplier;

  • Unpaid Purchase Invoices in the register provide the basis for your creditor management reports; and

  • Each Purchase Invoice causes a Nominal Ledger Transaction to be created, thus generating the overall purchase and creditor figures in your monthly and yearly management reports. This creation process is automatic, requiring no intervention or work from you.
You can record three types of purchase transaction in the Purchase Invoice register:
  1. You will receive standard Purchase Invoices when goods have been delivered or work carried out before you have issued payment. You should record Payments against such Purchase Invoices in the Payment register, described here.

  2. The Cash Note represents your issuing of a payment at the same time as the work is carried out. When you enter a Cash Note to the Purchase Invoice register, Standard Accounts will treat it as having being paid, so there is no need to enter a separate payment record in the Payment register. Standard Accounts will also look after the Nominal Ledger implications for you (crediting the Cash Account rather than the Creditor Account).

  3. You should use Credit Notes to correct mistakes in Purchase Invoices, or to cancel Invoices that have been raised in error. They are, in effect, negative Invoices that reduce your overall purchase and creditor figures. Again, Standard Accounts looks after these Nominal Ledger implications automatically.
If you would like the Nominal Ledger implications of all these types of Purchase Invoice to be looked after automatically as described, switch on the Purchase Invoice option in the Sub Systems setting in the Nominal Ledger.

The use of the Purchase Invoice register, including each of these types of purchase transaction, is now described in detail. Before you start entering Purchase Invoices, however, you must ensure that you have defined the current (accounting) year, using the Fiscal Years setting.

Before working with Purchase Invoices, you should also look at the following settings and registers: