Introduction to Transactions (Journal Entries) in Standard Accounts

This section describes the Transaction register in Standard Accounts. If you are using Standard Nominal Ledger, please click here.


You should record every accounting event as a separate Transaction in the Transaction register. Depending on the nature of an individual Transaction, you can enter it directly to the Transaction register yourself, or it can be created remotely from the Sales and Purchase Ledgers.

You can decide which Transactions are to be entered directly to the Transaction register and which are to be created remotely from other Ledgers (or "Sub Systems"). You should do this in the Sub Systems setting described here.

Typically, Transactions representing Sales and Purchase Invoices, Receipts and Payments will be generated remotely from the Sales and Purchase Ledgers. You will enter other types of transactions directly to the Transaction register: these might include bank transfers, overhead costs, salaries etc.

Before working with Transactions, you should also look at the following settings and registers:

To open the Transaction register, ensure you are in the Nominal Ledger, then click the [Transactions] button in the Master Control panel. The 'Transactions: Browse' window is opened, showing a list of Transactions already entered.

Transactions that have been entered directly to the Transaction register are shown with their Transaction Numbers preceded by the fiscal year: the Transactions numbered 2011.1 to 2011.6 in the illustration are examples of this. The characters representing the fiscal year are taken from the Fiscal Years setting in the System module. Transactions that have been created from a Sub System are shown with their Transaction Numbers preceded by a code representing their Sub System. In their case, the Transaction Numbers themselves are determined in the Sub System in which they were created. For example, Transactions generated from Sales Invoices have a Transaction Number that is the same as their Invoice Number, and are shown in the browse window with a prefix of S/INV.

In the Text column you can see the short explanatory text that was entered for each Transaction. For those Transactions created from Sub Systems, the Text column usually shows details of the Customer or Supplier involved.

As in all browse windows you can change the sort order by clicking on the column headings. To reverse any sort, simply click once again on the column heading. The current sort column is shown with its heading coloured blue. You can scroll the list using the scroll bars or the trackpad. Finally, you can search for a record by entering a keyword in the field at the top right-hand corner. When you press the Return or Enter key, the first record with a match for the keyword in the current sort column will be highlighted. If you need to search for a particular Transaction Number, include the prefix in your keyword e.g. search for "2011.3" not "3" or for "S/INV.2011004" not "2011004". You can also change the order of the columns by dragging the column headings, and remove columns altogether using the check boxes in the drawer.


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